The arrow span task requires participants to remember a sequence of arrow images presented to them. Each arrow in a trial is unique and can differ in length (long/short) or degree of rotation (0-315 in 45 increments) therefore there are 16 potential arrows.

# Task Details

## Screenshots

#### Presentation Phase

#### Recall Phase

# The XML

You can download the default XML on the downloads page. In this section I will point out the customisation options at your disposal by modifying values in the XML.

Under task settings there is a section of code where we tell the application where to find the executable that handles the digit span task. The property name/value keys here are where we can set task-specific properties.

#### Number of trials

You can select how many trials of each span size you want. The properties to edit here are:

- 'spanTwoTrials'
- 'spanThreeTrials'
- 'spanFourTrials'
- 'spanFiveTrials'
- 'spanSixTrials'
- 'spanSevenTrials'
- 'spanEightTrials'
- 'spanNineTrials'

#### Sequential/Randomised trial order

This property decides if the trials are administered in sequential order or not with regards to the list lengths. If sequential then all list length 2 trials are given, followed by all list length 3 trials, and so forth. However, it is often the case that a researcher may wish to administer these trials in a random order so that the participant is not aware on any given trial how many digits they will have to store/recall. The property to edit is:

- 'randomisedTrials'

# Data Analysis

After running the arrow span processing script (download from here) you will get a data frame with the following variables. Information on running the script and obtaining the processed data is here

Variable Name | Description |
---|---|

fta.score | This is the score the participant achieved when the full-trial accuracy scoring method is used. |

prop.score | The score obtained by the participant when the proportion correct method of scoring is used. |

number.successes | The score obtained by the participant when the number of correctly recalled elements method of scoring is used. |

max.span | Maximum list length at which the participant successfully recalled all the elements in the trial. |

span.2.corr | Number of trials successfully answered (all arrows recalled) at list length 2 - "NA" value if there were no trials at this list length administered |

span.3.corr | Number of trials successfully answered (all arrows recalled) at list length 3 - "NA" value if there were no trials at this list length administered |

span.4.corr | Number of trials successfully answered (all arrows recalled) at list length 4 - "NA" value if there were no trials at this list length administered |

span.5.corr | Number of trials successfully answered (all arrows recalled) at list length 5 - "NA" value if there were no trials at this list length administered |

span.6.corr | Number of trials successfully answered (all arrows recalled) at list length 6 - "NA" value if there were no trials at this list length administered |

span.7.corr | Number of trials successfully answered (all arrows recalled) at list length 7 - "NA" value if there were no trials at this list length administered |

span.8. corr | Number of trials successfully answered (all arrows recalled) at list length 8 - "NA" value if there were no trials at this list length administered |

span.9.corr | Number of trials successfully answered (all arrows recalled) at list length 9 - "NA" value if there were no trials at this list length administered |

user | The value of the username of the account which produced the data |